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COVID-19 and its prevention in internally displaced person (IDP) camps in Somalia: impact on livelihood, food security and mental health

Mumin,Farah I.; Fred D. Wesonga; Handuleh,Jibril I. M.; Ross G. White; Siobhan M. Mor


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  <identifier identifierType="URL">https://sorer.somaliren.org.so/record/492</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Mumin,Farah I.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Farah I.</givenName>
      <familyName>Mumin</familyName>
      <affiliation>Red Sea University</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Fred D. Wesonga</creatorName>
      <affiliation>IGAD Sheikh Technical Veterinary School</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Handuleh,Jibril I. M.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Jibril I. M.</givenName>
      <familyName>Handuleh</familyName>
      <affiliation>Amoud University</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Ross G. White</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Queen's University Belfast</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Siobhan M. Mor</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Liverpool</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>COVID-19 and its prevention in internally displaced person (IDP) camps in Somalia: impact on livelihood, food security and mental health</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>SORER</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2022</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>COVID-19</subject>
    <subject>Somalia</subject>
    <subject>Internally</subject>
    <subject>Displaced</subject>
    <subject>Persons</subject>
    <subject>Livelihood</subject>
    <subject>Mental</subject>
    <subject>Health</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2022-12-22</date>
  </dates>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Journal article</resourceType>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://sorer.somaliren.org.so/record/492</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsIdenticalTo">10.1186/s12889-022-14878-z</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://sorer.somaliren.org.so/communities/rsusomalia</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://sorer.somaliren.org.so/communities/sorer</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Abstract&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Background&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Somalia has over 2.6&amp;nbsp;million internally displaced people (IDP) that depend on daily wages and humanitarian assistance for their livelihoods. This study investigated the impact of COVID-19 on livelihoods, food security and mental health of Somalia&amp;rsquo;s IDPs.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Methods&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;A questionnaire was conducted with &amp;ldquo;breadwinners&amp;rdquo; (&lt;em&gt;n&lt;/em&gt;&amp;thinsp;=&amp;thinsp;585) residing in 15 randomly selected IDP camps. Mental health was assessed using the 5-item World Health Organization Wellbeing Index (WHO-5) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Multivariable regression was used to explore the effect of depressive symptoms on soap use and ability to pay for food/medicine/rent.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Results&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Knowledge of COVID-19 symptoms, transmission and prevention was relatively high, however only 55% reported using soap for hand washing. Around one third perceived that prohibition of public gatherings had negatively impacted weekly earnings. Participants reported difficulty buying food (85%), medicine (82%) and paying rent (51%) because of COVID-19. The majority were assessed as having low wellbeing and high depressive symptoms (mean WHO-5&amp;thinsp;=&amp;thinsp;44.2/100; mean PHQ-9&amp;thinsp;=&amp;thinsp;18.6/27), with most (74%) indicating that they felt worse than before the pandemic. Compared to people with low depressive symptoms, people with high depressive symptoms were less likely to use soap (aOR&amp;thinsp;=&amp;thinsp;0.3, 95% CI&amp;thinsp;=&amp;thinsp;0.2, 0.7;&amp;nbsp;&lt;em&gt;P&lt;/em&gt;&amp;thinsp;&amp;lt;&amp;thinsp;0.001) and more likely to report difficulty buying food (aOR&amp;thinsp;=&amp;thinsp;2.2; 95% CI&amp;thinsp;=&amp;thinsp;1.1, 4.3;&amp;nbsp;&lt;em&gt;P&lt;/em&gt;&amp;thinsp;=&amp;thinsp;0.02).&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Conclusion&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;COVID-19 and associated restrictions have negatively impacted Somalia&amp;rsquo;s internally displaced population. Livelihood and mental health support is urgently needed in the recovery phase of the pandemic and should be factored into future pandemic planning.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
</resource>
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